on the use of personal records for history and anthropology
given to the Joint course in research training for Master of Philosophy
students in Cambridge, with backgrounds in history, anthropology,
sociology, law, geography, criminology. It describes in an autobiographical
way the use of personal records, including letters, diaries, autobiographies
and travel records.
given by Alan Macfarlane in 2002/3, filmed by Xiaoxiao Yan, lasts
about 45 minutes.
REFERRED TO IN THE TALK ON PERSONAL RECORDS:
Macfarlane: Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England (1970); The Family
Life of Ralph Josselin (1970) ; Alan Macfarlane (ed.), The Diary of
Ralph Josselin (1976) ; The Origins of English Individualism (1978);
Marriage and Love in England (1986) ; The Culture of Capitalism (1987)
; The Savage Wars of Peace (1997) ; The Riddle of the Modern World
(2000) The Making of the Modern World (2002).
guides to English diaries and autobiographies:
William Matthews, British Diaries (1967)
John Stuart Batts, British Manuscript Diaries of the Nineteenth Century
Arthur Ponsonby, English Diaries and More English Diaries(1927)
Paul Delany, British Autobiography in the 17th Century (1969)
Some great English 'diaries'.
Oliver Heywood's Diaries 16301702, 4 vols. Ed. J.Horsfall Turner,
The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 11 vols. Eds. Robert Latham and William
Matthews, 1971 on .
Boswell's London Journal (1951); Boswell in Holland (1952); Boswell
in Search of a Wife (1957); Boswell on the Grand Tour - two volumes
(1953;1955); Boswell for the Defence (1960); Journal of a Tour to
the Hebrides (1963) (and of course the immortal 'Life of Johnson')
- all the above edited by Frederick Pottle & others.
The Diary of Thomas Turner, 1754-1765, ed. David Vaisey (1984)
The Diary of ...James Woodforde, 5 vols. Ed. John Beresford (1968)
Kilvert's Diary, 1870-1879, 3 vols. Ed. William Plomer (1973)
The Autobiography of Mrs Alice Thornton of East Newton, C.York. ed.
Charles Jackson (1875)
Autobiographical writings of Benjamin Franklin, ed. Carl Van Doren
The Autobiography of Francis Place (1771-1854), ed. Mary Thale (1972)
Autobiography of Harriet Martineau, 2 vols. (1877;1969 reprint)
Autobiography of Mark Rutherford, ed. Reuben Shapcott (various edns.)
autobiographical travel writings:
Arthur Young: Autobiography (ed. M.Betham-Edwards, 1898); Tour in
Ireland, 2 vols. (ed. A.W.Hutton, 1892); Travels in France and Italy
(1942) - also some fascinating tours through the North, East etc.
Frances Trollope, Domestic Manners of the Americans, ed. Donald Smalley
Hippolyte Taine, Notes on England, trans. Edward Hyams, 1957.
Alexander Herzen, My Past and Thoughts, trans. Constance Garnett,
4 vols. (1968)
Arthur Koestler, Arrow in the Blue (1952); The Invisible Writing (1954);
Spanish Testament (1937).
Isabella Bird: the Victorian British travel writer and explorer: Korea
and her Neighbours (1970); Unbeaten Tracks in Japan (1984); The Golden
Chersonese, Travels in Malaya in 1879 (1985); The Yangtze Valley and
Beyond (1995); The Hawaiian Archipelago (1997); A Lady's Life in the
Rocky Mountains (1986); Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan (2 vols)
[Useful biographies by Anna M.Stoddart (1907), Pat Barr (1970), Olive
Checkland (1996), Evelyn Kaye (1999)]
and the West.
The Autobiography of Yukichi Fukuzawa, revised trans Eiichi Kiyooka,
Edward Morse, Japan Day by Day, 1877-83, 2 vols. Tokyo, 1936.
B.Malinowski, A Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term (1967)
Verrier Elwin, Leaves from the Jungle (1936); The Tribal World, an
Autobiography (1964) : (see also the recent excellent biography by
Ramachandra Guha, Savaging the Civilized, Chicago, 1999)
William and Charlotte Wiser, Behind Mud Walls, 1930-60. (1964)
Elinor Bowen (Laura Bohannon), Return to Laughter (c. 1960)
Claude Levi-Strauss, A World on the Wane (1961)
Clifford Geertz, After the Fact. (1996)
John Stuart Mill, Autobiography (1952)
Herbert Spencer, An Autobiography, 2 vols. (1904)
Beatrice Webb, My Apprenticeship (n.d. early C20) : Our Partnership
C.Wright Mills, The Sociological Imagination (1964)
R.G.Collingwood, An Autobiography (1951).
Marc Bloch, The Historian's Craft (1967)
Francis Crick, What Mad Pursuit... (1990)
James D.Watson, The Double Helix (1970)
Henri Poincarre, Science and Method (1996)
Rudyard Kipling, Something of Myself: Autobiography (1937)
J.R.Goody, The Expansive Moment (1995), ch. 8.